Top 5 Types of Dental Surgery You Should Be Aware Of
by monica.quinn.ny
 Health life
Jul 13, 2021 | 36 views | 0 0 comments | 7 7 recommendations | email to a friend | print | permalink

Most people panic and get anxious when dental surgery becomes the only appropriate way of treating their symptoms. Surgical procedures are typically viewed as highly painful and costly treatments. 

However, what most people don’t understand is that dental surgery is common and is used to treat a wide range of conditions and symptoms. Each person is unique and every case is addressed accordingly. Dental surgery is often performed on an outpatient basis and normal activity can be resumed within several days.

Before determining whether or not you’re a suitable candidate for surgical treatment, a dental specialist will refer you to an oral surgeon. They will assess your condition and dental health to identify the most appropriate plan of action. Depending on the severity of your symptoms, an oral surgeon may even recommend conservative treatment. People of all ages are at risk of developing dental problems, though not all surgeries result from dental health conditions. The most common kinds of dental surgery are procedures that most people may not classify as such due to them being very routine.

Keep on reading to discover the five most common dental surgeries, their purposes, and their benefits.  

1. Root canal

A root canal is widely considered to be the most common kind of dental surgery. Hundreds of thousands of patients undergo it annually, saving their teeth from extraction and relieving pain and discomfort from eating. A root canal is a minimally invasive treatment and is highly effective in eliminating the infection. 

Beneath the protective layer of your teeth is a connective soft tissue called the dental pulp. It’s composed of various nerves, blood vessels, and lymphatic elements. When oral bacteria penetrates your tooth through a cavity, it results in chronic inflammation and severe pain that may radiate into your neck and jaw. A dental surgeon can relieve your symptoms by removing the affected pulp and then cleaning, filling, and sealing the inside of your tooth. 

2. Dental implants

Dental implants have revolutionized the treatment for missing teeth. These titanium alloy posts are used to substitute the roots of your missing teeth and can fuse with your jawbone due to being lightweight and biocompatible. After gum tissue surrounding the implant site heals, a dental crown is attached on top of the implant. Teeth that are missing due to decay, periodontitis, mouth cancer, and oral injury can be replaced with dental implants.   

The process of installing dental implants typically lasts from six to eight months. This time is essential for the implant to fuse with the bone. If a large portion of the bone around your missing tooth is destroyed by infection, your surgeon will have to restore it by transplanting bone material from other parts of your body. In such a case, your treatment may take even longer. 

3. Wisdom tooth removal

Wisdom teeth removal involves the extraction of permanent teeth located in the upper and lower corners of the back of your mouth. These are the last teeth to erupt, typically between the ages of 17 and 21. When wisdom teeth can’t develop properly due to lack of space, they can get impacted. This can lead to mouth infections, bleeding gums, bad breath, bad taste in the mouth, and jaw pain. In most cases, dental specialists will recommend that you remove wisdom teeth even if they aren’t impacted, as a preventative measure. 

Wisdom tooth removal is an outpatient surgery that takes several days to recover completely. It’s performed by extracting the tooth through an incision and closing the wound with stitches to stimulate the healing. It’s crucial to follow your oral surgeon’s instructions regarding the recovery process to prevent excessive bleeding, continuous loss of sensation, swelling, and blood clots

4. Dental reconstructive surgery

Accidents occur, and if your face is damaged due to sports injuries, falls, workplace injuries, or any type of facial trauma, it can be frightening and distressing. Visiting an oral surgeon is the most effective approach. They can provide treatment options that will have you looking your best in a short period. Dental reconstructive surgery is aimed at treating both soft tissue injuries and fractures.

Soft tissue injuries include damaged skin (cuts on the inside surface of your cheeks, lips, and tongue), gum line injuries, and soft and hard plate lacerations.  

Fractures usually refer to the damaged bone tissue in your oral cavity. More complex surgeries involve reconstructing your nasal cavity and the forehead. Sometimes, reconstructive surgery uses dental implants with other treatment options and techniques to fix misaligned jaw or compromised bone structure.

5. Cosmetic dental surgery

There are various types of cosmetic dental surgery. Often, those aren’t medically necessary procedures, but rather ones that are performed to enhance the appearance of your face or smile. Cosmetic treatment includes minor procedures like teeth bleaching and investments like orthodontics. 

Cosmetic smile makeovers are typically a mixture of several procedures like teeth bleaching, dental bonding, veneers, and composite restorations. Some individuals even ask for teeth reshaping to improve the natural size and form of their teeth. This is done by grinding enamel away or filling the tooth. Cosmetic treatments are highly customizable and practically pain-free. They can be performed in your dentist’s clinic, making it unnecessary to visit the oral surgeon.  

The bottom line

No matter what type of treatment you need, your dental specialist may perform both simple and complex cosmetic dental procedures. Most health problems can be prevented or treated by keeping your dental health a main priority. If you have a toothache, sensitive teeth, dental pain that radiates into your neck or jaw, tooth discoloration, or bleeding while brushing, consult your dental specialist right away. Being proactive with your dental health can help you avoid having missing teeth or undergoing any dental surgery. 

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