6 Common Feet Diseases and Their Treatments
by monica.quinn.ny
 Health life
Feb 25, 2021 | 18 views | 0 0 comments | 0 0 recommendations | email to a friend | print | permalink

Problems with your feet are debilitating and can worsen your overall wellbeing. Conditions like plantar fasciitis or Achilles tendon rupture can cause difficulty walking and interfere with daily activities. Others can cause aesthetic issues and decrease self-esteem. Regardless of the cause of your foot problems, you can get treatment and improve the quality of your life. 

Below are 6 common feet problems and recommendations about their treatment. 

1. Plantar fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is the most common foot disease. This condition causes inflammation of a thick strip of tissue that connects from the bottom of your foot, to your toes and heel bone. Plantar fasciitis usually causes stabbing pain primarily in the morning or after prolonged inactivity. As you start moving, the pain gradually disappears. This condition is common for athletes, such as runners, people with excessive weight, and those wearing uncomfortable shoes. 

If you have plantar fasciitis it is crucial to visit a doctor and get treatment. Neglecting this condition can contribute to chronic heel pain. The treatment usually includes physical therapy, orthotics shoes, night splints, and medications to relieve pain. Patients rarely need steroid injections, shock wave therapy, or surgery. 

2. Corns

Foot corns are hard painful areas on the skin. They often develop because of excessive pressure or friction when the skin tries to protect underlying foot parts from injury. Corns are generally harmless, but they can cause pain or tenderness under the skin and aesthetic problems when wearing open shoes. 

Most people can treat corns at home with home remedies or over-the-counter medications. But you shouldn’t treat them at home if you have problems with circulation, fragile skin, or nerve problems. Home treatment of corns includes feet soaking, using a moisturizer, and wearing shoes that fit properly. 

3. Heel spur

A heel spur is a widespread foot condition when a bony-like growth forms between your heel bone and arch. This issue isn’t always visible with the naked eye so its detection can be challenging. Heel spur usually causes inflammation, swelling in the front of your heel, and pain. The affected area of the foot is often warm to the touch. The main causes of heel spurs are a long-term strain of the muscles and ligaments. 

To diagnose a heel spur, it is necessary to visit an orthopedic doctor or a podiatrist. The doctor can detect this condition through an X-ray. The treatment consists of cold compresses, corticosteroid injections, and pain medications. The most recommended part of the heel spur treatment is rest. Rest prevents your condition from worsening and helps alleviate pain. If heel spurs become severe, your doctor may recommend surgery. 

4. Achilles tendon rupture

Achilles tendon rupture is a serious injury that requires medical attention. This injury affects the lower back of your leg. This injury is common for athletes, but it can happen to anyone. This injury is caused due to overstretching your Achilles tendon. When the Achilles tendon ruptures, you may hear a popping sound followed by severe pain in your leg. The symptoms of this condition include the inability to stand on the injured leg and pain or swelling near the heel.

If you suspect you have this injury, you need to visit a qualified doctor to get the Achilles tendon rupture treatment. The treatment depends on your age and the severity of the injury. Non-surgical treatment includes rest, iced compresses, pain medications, and keeping the ankle fixed for the first weeks. In surgical treatment, the doctor makes an incision in the back of your lower leg and stitches the ruptured tendon together. 

5. Athlete’s foot

Despite the name, you don't have to be an athlete to get an athlete’s foot. This is a fungal infection that can affect boys, girls, men, and women of all ages. Athlete’s foot is often caused by a group of yeasts called dermatophytes. This yeast feeds on the keratin that locates in your hair, skin, and nail. The yeast spreads through direct contact with the infection, towels, shoes, or floors. Walking barefoot increases your risk of getting this yeast significantly. 

The treatment of an athlete’s foot is often similar to the treatment of other yeast infections. Most cases can be treated with antifungal products. During the treatment, it is crucial to maintain good hygiene, keep your legs dry, change socks daily, and make sure your feet get plenty of air.

6. Hammertoe

Hammertoe is a deformity of the toe when a toe bends downward. This condition may affect any toe but the second and third toe in your foot are more vulnerable to this condition. Hammertoe often develops because of underlying conditions like arthritis, or due to wearing uncomfortable shoes (high heels, tight shoes). The symptoms usually include difficulty walking, difficulty flexing your foot, and corns. 

The treatment depends on the severity of your condition. For a mold hammertoe, your doctor may recommend you wearing proper fighting shoes, medications to treat corns, and gentle stretching foot exercises. The treatment of a severe hammertoe often requires surgery. During an operation, the surgeon removes the affected bone and realign tendons and joints in your foot. 

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