10 Lesser-Known Health Risks of Smoking
by monica.quinn.ny
 Health life
Feb 23, 2021 | 16 views | 0 0 comments | 0 0 recommendations | email to a friend | print | permalink

We all know that smoking is extremely bad for health. It takes a toll on the overall wellbeing and increases the risk of lung cancer. But health risks of tobacco use go far beyond the respiratory system issues. 

Below are 10 lesser-known health consequences of using tobacco products. 

1. Smoking weakens your bones

Smoking increases your risk of bone-related health conditions. People who smoke often develop conditions like osteoarthritis and have a higher risk of fractures. Inhaling tobacco smoke increases the production of certain proteins in your body. These proteins, in turn, trigger the release of osteoclasts. The osteoclasts are the chemicals that lead to the continuous destruction of bone tissues. 

2. Smoking put you at risk of ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy is an issue when the fertilized egg grows outside a woman's uterus. Ectopic pregnancy is very dangerous and can be life-threatening. Smoking can increase our risk of ectopic pregnancy. 

When your body prepares for implantation of the embryo, it reduces the production of certain genes in the uterus. Smoking can decrease the production of the same genes in the Fallopian tube. It mimics the environment of the uterus and allows the embryo to implant there instead of the uterus.

3. Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of a baby’s asthma

If you smoke during pregnancy, it can take a toll on your baby’s health. Women who smoke, increase their baby's risk of asthma and other respiratory issues. Asthma is a serious health problem that causes inflammation of the bronchial tubes. During asthma flares, it may become harder for your baby to breath. This condition can potentially be life-threatening and decrease the quality of life significantly. 

4. Smoking can cause skin cancer

Tobacco smoke can put you at risk of several cancers including skin cancer. The chemicals in tobacco smoke are linked to an increased danger of squamous cell carcinoma by 50 percent. This is the second most common type of skin cancer. It is characterized by the accelerated growth of squamous cells. It can be successfully treated when caught early. But in the advanced stages, this cancer becomes dangerous. It is important to quit smoking if you want to decrease your risk of this skin disease. 

5. Smoking puts your dental health at risk

Your mouth is the first thing affected by the cigarette’s chemicals. Smokers have a higher risk of developing different dental conditions like gums disease and tooth decays. This happens because chemicals in cigarettes disrupt the bacterial balance in your mouth, rapidly increasing the number of harmful bacteria. Over time, tobacco use can cause bone loss. This increases your risk of teeth loss and makes the tooth implant process impossible. 

6. Smoking causes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a chronic inflammatory lung condition. It causes obstructed airflow from the lungs. The symptoms of this condition include cough, difficulty breathing, and excessive mucus production. Smoking can make you susceptible to this condition because chemicals in the smoke irritate your airways and cause inflammation. There is no cure for COPD, but treatment can help you relieve the symptoms. 

7. Smoking increases the risk of ALS

Using tobacco products can make you more vulnerable to the development of the serious neurological condition Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. This disease affects the nerve cells in your brain and spinal cord, leading to poor control over your muscles. The longer you use the tobacco, the higher your risk of developing ALS. People who smoke for over 30 years have a two times higher risk of this condition. 

8. Smoking increases the risk of cognitive decline

Smokers have a significantly higher risk of early cognitive decline. Chemicals in cigarettes make you more susceptible to conditions like dementia and Alzheimer's disease. Smoking increases your risk of these conditions in two ways. The first way is oxidative stress that can cause damage to your brain. The second is a cerebrovascular disease that affects the blood vessels and decreases blood supply to the brain.

9. Smoking causes diabetes

People who regularly use tobacco products have a 30 percent higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes than nonsmokers. The chemicals in cigarette smoke affect your body cells and worsen their function. This leads to overall body inflammation and inhibits the effectiveness of insulin. Over many years of cigarette smoke, you may develop insulin resistance and type 32 diabetes. If you already have diabetes, nicotine can cause difficulty regulating insulin levels. 

10. Smoking can cause erectile dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction can be caused by several psychological and physical factors, including tobacco use. This happens because chemicals in the cigarette damage your blood vessels that result in a poor blood supply of the male reproductive organs. While the average age of developing erectile dysfunction is 70, smoking can make you more susceptible to impotence at a younger age. 

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